T. Owen Jacobs

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T. Owen Jacobs
Principal and Co-Founder
Executive Development Associates

Dr. Jacobs is currently the Institute of Complexity Management Director of Research and Development, and co-founder and principal of Executive Development Associates. From 1995 to 2005, he held the Leo Cherne Distinguished Visiting Professor of Behavioral Science Chair at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defense University. There, he taught courses in Strategic Leadership and Creative and Critical Thinking. He also created and directed the College's Executive Assessment and Development Program.

From 1974 to 2005, Dr. Jacobs served in a series of assignments with the U. S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, where he completed landmark research on strategic performance requirements and the developmental processes required to produce strategic leadership skills. With Jaques, he developed an adaptation of Jaques' requisite organization structure that specifies (a) critical performance requirements at the various levels of a requisitely structured organization, and (b) the critical cognitive skills which must develop over time to enable successful performance. The structure identifies developmental targets over time and constitutes a theory-based template for the development of leadership within large-scale organizations. The conceptual base for this structure has been widely adopted by the military senior service colleges.

Dr. Jacobs received the B.A. and M.A. degrees from Vanderbilt University, and the Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of Leadership and Exchange in Formal Organizations, and Strategic Leadership: The Competitive Edge. His most significant recent publication was as leadership section editor and chapter contributor (with Jaques) in Handbook of Military Psychology. He was the year 2000 recipient of the John C. Flanagan Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Psychological Association Division of Military Psychology, and is a Fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society.


Degrees and certifications

  • B.A. - Vanderbilt University, United States
  • M.A. - Vanderbilt University, United States
  • Ph.D. - University of Pittsburgh, United States

Contact Info

Major organizations and consulting firms that provide Requisite Organization-based services

A global association of academics, managers, and consultants that focuses on spreading RO implementation practices and encouraging their use
Dr. Gerry Kraines, the firms principal, combines Harry Levinson's leadership frameworks with Elliott Jaques's Requisite Organization. He worked closely with Jaques over many years, has trained more managers in these methods than anyone else in the field, and has developed a comprehensive RO-based software for client firms.
Founded as an assessment consultancy using Jaques's CIP methods, the US-based firm expanded to talent pool design and management, and managerial leadership practice-based work processes
Former RO-experienced CEO, Ron Harding, provides coaching to CEOs of start-ups and small and medium-size companies that are exploring their own use of RO concepts.  His role is limited, temporary and coordinated with the RO-based consultant working with the organization
Ron Capelle is unique in his multiple professional certifications, his implementation of RO concepts through well designed organization development methods, and his research documenting the effectiveness of his firm's interventions
A Toronto requisite organization-based consultancy with a wide range of executive coaching, training, organization design and development services.
A Sweden-based consultancy, Enhancer practices time-span based analysis, executive assessment, and provides due diligence diagnosis to investors on acquisitions.
Founded by Gillian Stamp, one of Jaques's colleagues at Brunel, the firm modified Jaques;s work-levels, developed the Career Path Appreciation method, and has grown to several hundred certified assessors in aligned consulting firms world-wide recently expanding to include organization design
Requisite Organization International Institute distributes Elliott Jaques's books, papers, and videos and provides RO-based training to client organizations