Elliott Jaques - (1917-2003)

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Elliott Jaques - (1917-2003)
Clinician in organization design
Requisite Organization International Institute

Elliott Jaques was born in Toronto, Canada in 1917. He was only 18 when he graduated from the University of Toronto in 1935, and only 23 when he graduated with an M.D. from Johns Hopkins Medical School. He rounded out his academic credentials with a PhD in Social Relations from Harvard University.

During WWII, he served in the Canadian Army Medical Corps, in England, serving as liaison to the British Army War Office Psychiatry Division. After the war, he stayed in England to study under Melanie Klein and was one of the founding members of Tavistock Institute. It was during this time, that he became dissatisfied with psychological explanations of group work and ventured to explore a more scientific, disciplined approach to human development. In 1964, he created the School of Social Sciences at London based Brunel University.

It was, through this period, that he observed and documented what later would become Requisite Organization. His scientific findings would be the subject of studies conducted from 1948 until his death in 2003. More than 50 years of rigorous trials support his principles about how organizations run better.

Contributions to the Toronto RO interest group that evolved into the Global Organization Design Society

  • Delivered workshops - both seven-day, three-day, and one-day workshops in Toronto over a period of nine years
  • Mentored senior practitioners affiliated with the GO Society over many years
  • Co-sponsored a major conference in Toronto in 2000

Articles by Elliott Jaques

In Praise of Hierarchy​

Taking Time Seriously in Evaluating Jobs


Articles about Elliott Jaques and Requisite Organization

The Long View of Leadership by Alexander Ross, Canadian Business

Elliott Jaques Levels With You by Art Klein, 

• Elliott Jaques

  • The New York Times

• Scientist Who Coined ‘Midlife Crisis’

  • The Economist

• Elliott Jaques

  • The Times

• Elliott Jaques

  • Strategy + Business


Contact Info

Major organizations and consulting firms that provide Requisite Organization-based services

A global association of academics, managers, and consultants that focuses on spreading RO implementation practices and encouraging their use
Dr. Gerry Kraines, the firms principal, combines Harry Levinson's leadership frameworks with Elliott Jaques's Requisite Organization. He worked closely with Jaques over many years, has trained more managers in these methods than anyone else in the field, and has developed a comprehensive RO-based software for client firms.
Founded as an assessment consultancy using Jaques's CIP methods, the US-based firm expanded to talent pool design and management, and managerial leadership practice-based work processes
Former RO-experienced CEO, Ron Harding, provides coaching to CEOs of start-ups and small and medium-size companies that are exploring their own use of RO concepts.  His role is limited, temporary and coordinated with the RO-based consultant working with the organization
Ron Capelle is unique in his multiple professional certifications, his implementation of RO concepts through well designed organization development methods, and his research documenting the effectiveness of his firm's interventions
A Toronto requisite organization-based consultancy with a wide range of executive coaching, training, organization design and development services.
A Sweden-based consultancy, Enhancer practices time-span based analysis, executive assessment, and provides due diligence diagnosis to investors on acquisitions.
Founded by Gillian Stamp, one of Jaques's colleagues at Brunel, the firm modified Jaques;s work-levels, developed the Career Path Appreciation method, and has grown to several hundred certified assessors in aligned consulting firms world-wide recently expanding to include organization design
Requisite Organization International Institute distributes Elliott Jaques's books, papers, and videos and provides RO-based training to client organizations